Regular Secondary School in Malaysia

Introduction to Secondary Schools:

After UPSR, students have the opportunity to further their studies in secondary school. Secondary education is divided into two stages:

  • Lower secondary education (form 1 to form 3)
  • Upper secondary education (form 4 to form 5)

Categories of national secondary schools: -

  1. National secondary school (regular)
  2. Secondary school (fully residential)
  3. Arts and sports secondary school
  4. Technical/vocational secondary school
  5. National religious secondary school
  6. National religious assisted secondary school


Home schooling is a method of schooling available to parents whose children have such problems as a chronic health condition which requires close attention by the guardian. However, this is a privilege and not a right. Normal schooling is preferred for children as it allows them to interact and communicate with other children.
2.1 To provide the opportunity for children with health problems which require close attention by their parents to obtain formal education at home
2.2 To ensure the children are not excluded from receiving compulsory education as stipulated in the Education Act 1996
2.3 To educate parents to discharge their responsibility of schooling their children
3.1 Education (Amendment) Act 2002
Sub-section 29A (2) of the Education (Amendment) Act 2002 provides that the minister may, "if he considers it desirable and in the interest of the pupils or the public to do so, by order published in the Gazette, exempt any pupil or any class of pupils from the requirement to attend compulsory education, either absolutely or subject to such conditions as he may think fit to impose, and may at any time in his discretion revoke the exemption or revoke or alter or add to such conditions.
3.2 Professional Circular No. 14/2002: Implementation of Compulsory Education in Primary Level in 2003 dated 27 November 2002
3.3 Guidelines for Implementation of Compulsory Education in Primary Level in 2003
4.1 Application for home schooling can be submitted to any state education department in the country using the form provided. The application will be forwarded to the School Division of the Ministry of Education by the state education department to be processed and granted special approval. To date, only those with chronic health problems requiring close attention by the guardian have been granted approval. All conditions for application are set out in the form which is available without charge in all state education departments in the country.
4.2 Cases of application for exemption from compulsory education and to carry out home schooling are referred to the Director-General of Education for review and then forwarded to the Minister of Education for a decision.
4.3 In general, the conditions are as follows:
4.3.1 The applicant must be a Malaysian citizen.
4.3.2 The applicant must have a professional teaching qualification.
4.3.3 One of the parents must be prepared to tutor the child at home on a full-time basis.
4.3.4 The national curriculum must be followed.
4.3.5 Ability to provide education infrastructure which is conducive and proper for the purpose of teaching and learning
4.3.6 A visit to the home of the applicant will be made for the purpose of ascertaining the education infrastructure suitability by officials from the Ministry of Education, the state education department and the district education office.
4.3.7 The applicant shall allow officials from the Ministry of Education, the state education department or district education office to visit the home at any time during a school day for the purpose of monitoring the teaching and learning process without prejudice.
4.3.8 A child undergoing home schooling is not allowed to attend any school whether private or government for daily tuition.
4.3.9 If the applicant is found to violate the conditions contained in the approval granted by the Ministry of Education, the ministry shall have the right to revoke the approval forthwith and the child shall be instantly registered at a normal school.
5.1 The "Criteria for Exemption from Compulsory Education at Primary Level" paper was approved by the Minister of Education on 28 June 2003 and the task of processing applications for exemption has been implemented effective from that date.
  1. Textbook
  2. Poor Students' Trust Fund
  3. Supplementary Food Programme
  4. Tuition Voucher Scheme
  5. Other assistance

- Minor scholarship
- School uniform


1 Background
The MOE provides conducive and safe accommodation for needy students who live far from school.
2. Purpose
The hostel facilities provided are intended to produce individuals (students) who excel in the intellectual aspects of the curriculum and the co-curriculum and are physically and spiritually balanced as aspired by the National Education Philosophy.
3 Method of Implementation
Day hostel management carries out students' activities guided by the Day Hostel Management Guidebook which is based on the professional circulars issued by the MOE.


Introduction:-The MOE has established the 3K (Cleanliness, Health and Safety) Steering Committee which is chaired by the Deputy Minister of Education to address the national issues related to the 3 aspects above. The Regular School Management Division is responsible for implementing this programme.


  1. Cleanliness: School community with excellent personality and clean, beautiful and conducive school environment that can help achieve quality and effective teaching and learning
  2. Health: Healthy, fit and active physically, emotionally, spiritually and intellectually so that students can check and manage themselves to improve their academic performance and character development
  3. Security: A safe environment inside or outside the school can increase self-confidence and inner strength (identity of students) against any external influence and threat
1. Responsible for formulating the Cleanliness Management Action Plan namely;
  1. Ensure the students' cleanliness development programme is implemented in school
  2. Coordinate the activities of the school cleanliness programme with relevant agencies
  3. Determine the cleanliness requirements for the well-being of students in school
  4. Plan the financial resources and manpower needs in hygiene education
  5. Identify training needs to the school community
  6. Determine the terms of agreement and the scope of duties relating to agreements / contracts such as cleaning companies, canteen operators, hostel dining hall operators, school food suppliers for the Supplementary Food Programme and Tuition Voucher Scheme as well as milk suppliers
2. Formulate cleanliness and leadership policies relating to student cleanliness management
3. Conduct inspection, monitoring and evaluation of cleanliness of students and the school;
3.1 Create and implement a student cleanliness manual and school cleanliness programme
3.2 Review and evaluate the effectiveness of programmes continuously
4. Prepare a cleanliness contingency plan to address cases such as floods, haze and food poisoning
5. Enhance cooperation with relevant agencies related to the cleanliness programme
6. Prepare periodic reports

Proposed Activities for Implementation

1. Cleanliness programme
  • Dental and Oral Care Programme
  • Lice-Free Programme
  • Hand Washing Programme
  • Nail Care Programme
  • Personal Neatness Programme
  • Scabies Eradication Programme
2. Apart from the above programmes, competitions are also held such as:
  • Cleanliness Competition
  • Landscaping Competition
  • Canteen Competition
  • Class Enhancement Competition
  • Drawing and Colouring Competition
  • Quiz, Speech and Debate Competition
  • Exhibition
3. Other programmes such as the Dengue-Free Programme, creating a fun corner and no smoking area.