In 1992, the Ministry of Education (MOE) started to implement the annex pre-school programme as a pilot project based on the decision made by the Cabinet on 18 December 1991 to create 1,131 pre-school classes. Meanwhile, the Cabinet meeting on 6 June 2001 agreed that the MOE could continue to expand the pre-school programme from 2002. Since then, the expansion of the pre-school programme has been conducted from time to time in line with existing policies, the education national key result area and also the proposed expansion in the 10th Malaysia Plan.
The Education Act 1996 provides for pre-school education, primary education, secondary education, post-secondary education and higher education in the National Education System. It is the MOE's responsibility to give serious attention to the development of pre-school education in the nation. The Education Act 1996 provides for important aspects of pre-school, including the establishment of kindergartens, the minister's power to establish and maintain kindergartens, pre-school curriculum, medium of instruction and teaching of Islamic studies.
In terms of the democratisation of education, a specific policy enables the children, including those with special education needs to enjoy pre-school education regardless of household income, place of residence and ethnicity.
Among the basic principles of the policy is the provision of pre-school education facilities to children between 4 and 6. The use of National Pre-school Standard Curriculum must be ensured. Pre-school teachers must have training in pre-school education. The provision of appropriate physical facilities and equipment that are of good quality must be ensured. A mechanism for inspection and supervision is carried out. The government also ensures that all pre-schools comply with the Pre-school Education Regulations 1996, as provided in Section 24 of the Education Act 1996.
Pre-school education is a programme that exposes children aged 4+ to 6+ to the learning experience within a year or more before entering year one.
Pre-school education aims to nurture students' potential in all aspects of development, to master basic skills and to develop a positive attitude as preparation to enter primary school.
Pre-school Management Sector, Regular School Management Division