Pre-school in Malaysia

1.0 BACKGROUND

In 1992, the Ministry of Education (MOE) started to implement the annex pre-school programme as a pilot project based on the decision made by the Cabinet on 18 December 1991 to create 1,131 pre-school classes. Meanwhile, the Cabinet meeting on 6 June 2001 agreed that the MOE could continue to expand the pre-school programme from 2002. Since then, the expansion of the pre-school programme has been conducted from time to time in line with existing policies, the education national key result area and also the proposed expansion in the 10th Malaysia Plan.

2.0 PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION POLICY

The Education Act 1996 provides for pre-school education, primary education, secondary education, post-secondary education and higher education in the National Education System. It is the MOE's responsibility to give serious attention to the development of pre-school education in the nation. The Education Act 1996 provides for important aspects of pre-school, including the establishment of kindergartens, the minister's power to establish and maintain kindergartens, pre-school curriculum, medium of instruction and teaching of Islamic studies.

In terms of the democratisation of education, a specific policy enables the children, including those with special education needs to enjoy pre-school education regardless of household income, place of residence and ethnicity.

Among the basic principles of the policy is the provision of pre-school education facilities to children between 4 and 6. The use of National Pre-school Standard Curriculum must be ensured. Pre-school teachers must have training in pre-school education. The provision of appropriate physical facilities and equipment that are of good quality must be ensured. A mechanism for inspection and supervision is carried out. The government also ensures that all pre-schools comply with the Pre-school Education Regulations 1996, as provided in Section 24 of the Education Act 1996.

3.0 PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION CONCEPT

Pre-school education is a programme that exposes children aged 4+ to 6+ to the learning experience within a year or more before entering year one.

4.0 PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION GOALS

Pre-school education aims to nurture students' potential in all aspects of development, to master basic skills and to develop a positive attitude as preparation to enter primary school.

5.0 PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION OBJECTIVES

  • Having positive personal traits, character and self-concept to be a patriotic citizen
  • Using Malay correctly and developing language and communication skills
  • Using English in daily life in line with its status as the second language
  • Practising noble values ​​in daily life based on religious teachings
  • Having cognitive skills to think and solve problems
  • Having emotional maturity and social skills
  • Having the creativity and aesthetics to appreciate natural beauty and cultural heritage
  • Using Chinese and Tamil correctly to communicate in school where the medium of instruction is Chinese and Tamil
  • Practising Islamic values in the daily life of Muslim students.

6.0 STUDENT SELECTION

  • Admission conditions to preschool class as per MOE Newsletter No. 2 of 2012 – For Malaysians only and selection is made by the Selection Committee.
  • The Selection Committee consists of the head teacher, senior assistant, pre-school teachers, teachers of Levels 1 and 2, teacher aides and a community representative.

7.0 TYPES OF ASSISTANCE

  • Food assistance (RM1.80 per day for Peninsular Malaysia / RM2.05 for Sabah, Sarawak and Labuan). Treasury Circular No. 8 of 2012, financial management guideline for the allocation of education assistance to schools based on student per capita)
  • Allocation for students per capita grant (RM100.00 / student per year)
  • Co-curriculum assistance (RM25.00 / student per year)
  • Takaful fees (RM1.50 / student per year)

8.0 EXPANSION YEARS

Year Number of classes opened Total
1992 1131 1131
2002 100 1231
2003 1500 2731
2004 500 3231
2005 700 3931
2006 652 4583
2007 1324 5907
2008 939 6846
2009 350 7196
2010 315 7511
2011 705 8216
2012 448 8664
Data as at 31 January 2012

 

9.0 CONTACT US

Pre-school Management Sector, Regular School Management Division
Level 3, Block E2, E, Federal Government Administrative Centre
62604 Putrajaya
Tel: 03-8884 9585 / Fax: 03-8884 9493

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