Ministry of Education (MOE) is targetting to eliminate or decrease the existing gap in education as one of the main agenda to increase excellence in education. This is inline with the aspiration of the Pelan Induk Pembangunan Pendidikan (PIPP) 2006-2010. As such, various efforts to increase funds for school support programmes relating to poor student will always be MOE's priority.
Henceforth, MOE had established a trust fund known as the Kumpulan Wang Amanah Pelajar Miskin (KWAPM) under Section 10 of The Financial Procedure Act 1957 with main objective to assist low income parents who are not able financially to send their children to attend school and by doing that, the gap in education between the urban and rural can be reduced. It has been the Ministry's hope to eliminate school drop-out cases resulting from poverty and provide equal opportunity and accessibility in education.
The establishment of this fund is in accordance with MOE's Compulsory Education Policy that was enforced since January 2003 under Section 29A of Education act 1996 (Act 550) whereby it is compulsory for parents to send their children to school beginning the age of seven.
The student must comply with criteria's as follows:-
Rate and Type of Assistance.
Rate and type of the school aids mentioned above are subjected to the current financial status of KWAPM trust fund or changes made by the KWAPM Committee Members chaired by the Chief Secretary of MOE.
Financial assistance received from KWAPM Trust Fund can be distributed by principals/ teachers to students who have been certified eligible to receive assistance through the following methods: -
All students whereby the Head of Household are registered in eKASIH and students of Aborigines (Orang Asli) under eDAMAK system which has been confirmed as POOR and HARDCOOR POOR will be given school-aided using KWAPM Trust Fund automatically without having to submit an application. For information, eKASIH system was coordinated by the Implementation and Coordination Unit (ICU) of the Prime Minister's Department and eDAMAK system were coordinated by the Department of Aboriginal Development (JAKOA).
For the Head of Household who are not registered with eKASIH system, they can apply through the website http://www.ekasih.gov.my. However, KWAPM payments can only be made after the applicants are certified and confirmed to be in POOR and HARDCOOR POOR category through cencus conducted by the Implementation Coordination Unit (ICU), of the Prime Minister's Department.
For the aborigines student (studying in aborigines school of Penan), the school must submit an application using the Summary Application Form and submitted to the MOE on 1st October a year before (for students Year 2 to 6) and on 1st February during the year (for students Year 1 and Form 1(Peralihan)).
Beginning 2011, MOE Top Management Meetings on 18 March 2011 has decided that KWAPM payments will be extended to students Year 1 to Form 1 who are listed in MOE’s existing data known as DSA (Data Sedia Ada) as well as eDAMAK and eKASIH. It is in line with the Cabinet decision on 12 January 2011 and the National Action Council on 6 August 2010 which has decided that if there are any poverty cases which has not been listed in eKASIH but the Ministry and agencies feel they are eligible for assistance, the assistance may be considered due to eKASIH system being in the beginning phase.
DSA application is made by filling out the KWAPM Individuals Application Form at school. The form is distributed to poor students of family income below the National Poverty Line Income based on information obtained from the Student Information System in schools.
The school then will select student which is qualified through School Assistance Management Committee Meeting that is chaired by the school head. This committee comprises of School Student Affairs Senior Assistant and at least two (2) representatives from Parents and Teacher Association which acted to check and recommend student who are really qualified to receive KWAPM.
After the qualified student has been identified, the school needs to compile all the information and fill in the summary application form and send it to the District Education Office and State Education Department for validation. State Education Department is the responsible agencies to send the final name list (summary application form) which has been validated to Finance Division at MOE for processing.
Finance Division will make the final decision before proceeding with the payment. All payment will be credited directly to school account. From here, the School Assistance Management Committee will play their part by monitoring the distribution of the payment to the qualified student. School then distributes the payment by crediting it directly to student’s account in cash or given in kind based on the students needs. For further information regarding to application and payment process kindly refer to the flow chart in Attachment 1.